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Title Anionic Effects on Concentrated Aqueous Lithium Ion Dynamics
Date 2024-07-01 Attachment , , , , , , , ,

Anionic Effects on Concentrated Aqueous Lithium Ion Dynamics

Felsted, RG (Felsted, Robert G.)Graham, TR (Graham, Trent R.)Zhao, YT (Zhao, Yatong)Bazak, JD (Bazak, J. David)Nienhuis, ET (Nienhuis, Emily T.)Pauzauskie, PJ (Pauzauskie, Peter J.)Joly, AG (Joly, Alan G.)Pearce, CI (Pearce, Carolyn I.)Wang, ZM (Wang, Zheming)Rosso, KM (Rosso, Kevin M.

Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters, 2024, Volume 15, pp. 5076-5087.

The dynamics, orientational anisotropy, diffusivity, viscosity, and density were measured for concentrated lithium salt solutions, including lithium chloride (LiCl), lithium bromide (LiBr), lithium nitrite (LiNO2), and lithium nitrate (LiNO3), with methyl thiocyanate as an infrared vibrational probe molecule, using two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR), nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, and viscometry. The 2D IR, NMR, and viscosity results show that LiNO2 exhibits longer correlation times, lower diffusivity, and nearly 4 times greater viscosity compared to those of the other lithium salt solutions of the same concentration, suggesting that nitrite anions may strongly facilitate structure formation via strengthening water-ion network interactions, directly impacting bulk solution properties at sufficiently high concentrations. Additionally, the LiNO2 and LiNO3 solutions show significantly weakened chemical interactions between the lithium cations and the methyl thiocyanate when compared with those of the lithium halide salts.